Biometric Authentication Based on EMG Hand Gestures Signals Using CNN


  • Mehmet Ismail Gursoy Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey



Biomedical informatics, CNN, EMG, Person identification


Biometric identification systems are increasingly important today compared to traditional recognition/classification systems. Electromyography (EMG) signals and person identification/classification systems are preferred for high-security systems as they include physiological and behavioural movements. This study investigates biometric EMG signals based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and personal identification/classification systems. Bioelectric signals were recorded at six different wrist movements from five volunteer participants with a four-channel EMG device. To determine the spectrum characteristics of EMG signals, the frequency subbands of the signals were found using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT), empirical wavelet transform (EWT), and empirical mode decomposition (EMD) methods. In addition, statistical methods are used to improve the effectiveness of the feature vector. The CNN model was used to define or classify people. The performance of the developed system was evaluated using Accuracy, Precision, Sensitivity, F-score parameters. As a result, a classification success of 95.66 % was achieved with the developed EMD-CNN method, 94.10 % with the DWT-CNN method, and 93.33 % with the EWT-CNN method. The artificial intelligence model presented in this study explains the effectiveness of EMG signals in person recognition or classification as a biometric identification system. Furthermore, the developed model shows promise for the development and design of future biometric recognition systems.




How to Cite

Gursoy, M. I. (2024). Biometric Authentication Based on EMG Hand Gestures Signals Using CNN. Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika, 30(2), 54-62.