Estimating Harvestable Solar Energy from Atmospheric Pressure Using Deep Learning
Keywords:Energy management, Environmental monitoring, Neural networks, Prediction algorithms
This article focuses on applying a deep learning approach to predict daily total solar energy for the next day by a neural network. Predicting future solar irradiance is an important topic in the renewable energy generation field to improve the performance and stability of the system. The forecast is used as a support parameter to control the operation duty-cycle, data collection or communication activities at energy-independent energy harvesting embedded devices. The prediction is based on previous hourly-measured atmospheric pressure values. For prediction, a back-propagation algorithm in combination with deep learning methods is used for multilayer network training. The ability of the proposed system to estimate the daily solar energy is compared to the support vector regression model and to the evolutionary-fuzzy prediction scheme presented in previous research studies. It is concluded that the presented neural network approach gave satisfying predictions in early spring, autumn, and winter. In a particular setting, the proposed solution provides better results than a model using the support vector regression method (e.g., the MAPE value of the proposed algorithm is 0.032 less than the MAPE value of support vector regression method). The time and computational complexity for neural network training is considerable, and therefore it was assumed to train the network on an external computer or a cloud, where only the network parameters have been obtained and transferred to the embedded devices.
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Vysoká Škola Bánská - Technická Univerzita Ostrava
Grant numbers SP2021/29
Grant numbers 856670
European Regional Development Fund
Grant numbers CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000867