Comparative Analysis of European and American Standards for Maximum Fault Current Calculations on Medium Voltage Mine Power Networks
Keywords:Short-circuit currents, standards, power distribution, mining industry, equivalent circuits.
AbstractContinuous work of mine supplying electrical power networks is a prerequisite to ensure the continuity of the mining process and the safety of its crew. The choice of the appropriate method for calculating short-circuit currents is therefore particularly important in terms of both economic and safety considerations. The methods used are always a compromise between the accuracy of obtained results, computational complexity and availability of data necessary for calculations. The study compares the two most common standards for calculating maximum short-circuit currents - IEC and ANSI/IEEE. The study presents the most important interrelationships that describe the characteristic magnitudes of short-circuit currents for IEC standard and for the ANSI/IEEE standard. This comparison has been done on the basis of novel calculations performed on a typical MV mine network. The results of the calculations showed a high contiguity of the results despite the different methodological assumptions for rotating machines modelling and for determining the equivalent value of resistance and reactance of the network where the fault occurred, and the extent of assumed simplifications.
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