New Approach-based MPP Tracking Design for Standalone PV Energy Conversion Systems
Keywords:Partial shadow effects, Photovoltaic (PV), Boost converter, Maximum power point (MPP), Direct current (DC), Chicken swarm optimisation (CSO), Duty ratio
In searching for a maximum power point (MPP) using a DC boost converter for photovoltaic (PV) energy conversion systems, we realised that the fast and accurate way to find the suitable duty ratio value is the core problem to enhance the energy conversion efficiency of the PV system. Under uniform irradiation, the panels will generate the same values, so they have only one peak on the P-V curve; conventional MPP tracking methods easily obtain this MPP. However, under partial shading conditions, many peaks are created, traditional MPP tracking methods can fall into the local MPP, and this issue will cause energy loss and reduce PV energy conversion efficiency. To avoid this disadvantage, this paper proposes a hybrid method (HM) by combining the improved chicken swarm optimisation (CSO) method and the incremental conductance (InC) algorithm for a DC standalone PV energy conversion system. In this hybrid method, the improved CSO modified approach is used to search the global region, and the InC algorithm is responsible for capturing the top of this global region. MATLAB simulation and experimental results were performed to demonstrate that the proposed method has achieved the global MPP under uniform solar irradiance and partial shadow effects.
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