Combine Harvester Cooling Water Temperature Prediction Based on CDAE-LSTM Hybrid Model
Keywords:Prediction model, CDAE, Combine harvester, CNN-LSTM
Cooling water temperature of the combine harvester during operations can reflect the changes of its power consumption and even overloads caused by extreme workload. There is an existing problem when extracting water temperature information from harvesters: data redundancy and the loss of time series feature. To solve such problem, a Convolutional denoising autoencoder and Long-Short Term Memory Artificial Neural Network (CDAE-LSTM) hybrid model based on parameter migration is proposed to predict temperature trends. Firstly, the historical data of the combine harvester are taken into account to perform correlation analysis to verify the input rationality of the proposed model. Secondly, pre-training has been performed to determine the model’s initial migration parameters, along with the adoption of CDAE to denoise and reconstruct the input data. Finally, after the migration, the CNN-LSTM hybrid model was trained with a real dataset and was able to predict the cooling water temperature. The accuracy of the model has been verified by field test data gathered in June 2019. Results show that the root mean squared error (RMSE) of the model is 0.0817, and the mean absolute error (MAE) is 0.0989. Compared with the performance of LSTM on the prediction data, the RMSE improvement rate is 2.272 %, and the MAE improvement rate is 20.113 %. It is proven that the adoption of CDAE stabilizes the model, and the CDAE-LSTM hybrid model shows higher accuracy and lower uncertainty for time series prediction.
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National Key Research and Development Program of China
Grant numbers 2017YFD0700603