Evaluation of Wind Energy Accommodation Based on Two-Stage Robust Optimization
Keywords:Economic dispatch, Wind energy accommodation, Two-stage robust optimization, Benders algorithm
Large-scale renewable energy integration brings unprecedented challenges to electric power system planning and operation. The paper aims at economic dispatch and the safe operation of high penetration renewable energy power systems. According to the principle of power system dispatchability, the assessment of wind energy accommodation is formulated into a two-stage robust optimization problem with a min-max-min structure. Based on the benders algorithm, the intractable robust optimization problem is transformed into the form of sub-problem and master problem. Strong duality theory and big-M method are used to recast the sub problem into a mixed integer linear programming. The envelope of wind energy accommodation can be obtained by using commercial software to solve the master problem and sub problem alternately. For the realization of arbitrary wind power within the envelope, the amount of wind energy leakage and load shedding in power system operation are acceptable. An example of modified IEEE 39-bus test systems is used to verify the effectiveness and practicability of the evaluation method.
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