EMI Suppression in High Frequency Half Bridge Converter
Keywords: Common mode, differential mode, electromagnetic interference, electromagnetic compatibility, line impedance stabilization network
AbstractElectromagnetic effects influence the design of power converters switching in MHz frequency region. In these converters, the high switching frequency in combination with sudden changes in current and voltage levels generate higher order harmonics which causes Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI). To study the effects of increased switching frequency on conducted EMI, the harmonics amplitudes are analyzed by increasing the switching frequency of a two wire input half bridge power converter from 1.32 MHz to 3 MHz. In order to suppress the Common Mode (CM) conducted EMI, different possibilities of connecting the Y - capacitor in a two wire universal input half bridge converter are discussed and the conducted EMI is measured and analyzed by connecting the Y - capacitor at different points. The line filters are designed, characterized and implemented in order to suppress conducted EMI. The effects of increased switching frequency on the line filter design are studied by analysing the EMI spectrum of both the converters. The analysis of results indicates that the filter size is reduced by increasing the switching frequency of the power converter.
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