Social Technologies of Work with Knowledge and Information for Engineering Design and Education Activities
A scientific-technological education (STE), as the training for innovative activity, requires new organization of work with the information, knowledge and technologies - new “social technologies” (ST) as sets of ways and methods of intellectual activity. Paper represents the structure of ST kinds in space “Knowledge-Information-Activity”. The most important for STE kind of activity – engineering design (ED) is considered more detailed. Three key elements of ED methodology are: “dual” (parametric and pattern) description of technical solutions, multicriterion statement and truncation, analysis of technical and physical contradictions. The ED process as a set of purposeful procedures, transferring the object of ED from one state into another, is described. Ill. 3, bibl. 13 (in English; summaries in English, Russian and Lithuanian).
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