MSSB to Prevent Cable Termination Faults for Long High Voltage Underground Cable Lines
Cable termination fault is one of the most important problems for high voltage underground cable lines (HVUCL). Harmonic current (HC) and the sheath current (SC) are causes of cable termination faults of HVUCL. The sheath voltage (SV) of cable increases due to SC and HC also. So, the electroshock risk for human occurs. In this study, cable termination faults are examined for long HVUCL that is connected to electric network with high harmonic distortion rate. In literature, solid bonding (SB) and sectional solid bonding (SSB) methods are used to reduce harmonic distortion rate and SC effect in HVUCL. However, when SB and SSB methods are used for bonding of long HVUCL, harmonic distortion limit and touch voltage limit are exceeded. Therefore, the modified SSB (MSSB) method is developed for bonding of long HVUCL. SV of HVUCL should be known to use MSSB for bonding of long HVUCL. Then SV of HVUCL is forecasted by using artificial neural network and hybrid artificial neural networks (HANN) before the long HVUCL is installed. MSSB parameters should be optimized, so that optimization methods are used for optimization of MSSB and HANN. When MSSB method is used for bonding of long HVUCL, harmonic distortion limit and touch voltage limit are not exceeded under high harmonic distortion conditions.
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