Solution of Optimal Reactive Power Dispatch by a Hybrid GSA-SQP Algorithm
The optimal reactive power dispatch (ORPD) is achieved by optimal coordination of the equipment which control the reactive power flows in the power system. The (ORPD) can be mathematically formulated as a nonlinear, static and large-scale optimization problem with constraints. This paper deals with solving the ORPD problem using a new hybrid algorithm consisting of gravitational search algorithm (GSA) and sequential quadratic programming (SQP). The performance of this hybrid algorithm for the ORPD problem is studied and evaluated on the standard IEEE 30-bus test system with two different objective functions, namely minimization of real power loss and voltage profile improvement.